Chances are, you or someone you know has experienced a hernia. Hernias are a common condition, and more than one million hernia repairs are performed each year in Kenya. Although a hernia repair is a very common operation, no two people undergoing the procedure are alike. Some people with a hernia may only experience a visible bulge, while others may feel pain.
What is a Hernia?
While there are many types of hernias, they typically present as a hole in the abdominal muscular wall through which abdominal contents (such as fatty tissue or organs) protrude. A hernia develops when the layers of the abdominal wall weaken, bulge, or tear. They can also occur when incisions do not heal properly.
The most common type of hernia is an inguinal hernia, which is developed in the groin. Hernias become more noticeable when we lift heavy objects or strain, but these may not actually be the cause of the hernia. Factors that may exacerbate or accelerate the growth of a hernia include:
● Weight gain, which causes an increase in abdominal wall tension
● Chronic constipation
● Chronic cough or upper respiratory infection
● Straining to urinate, as with an enlarged prostate
When is Hernia Surgery Recommended?
Surgery is the only way to repair a hernia. They do not get better on their own. However, generally a hernia repair is an elective procedure that is recommended if you are experiencing pain or discomfort, or if the hernia is growing larger.
As hernias enlarge, they may become strangulated. This occurs when hernia contents such as intestines become entrapped within the hernia. The swollen bowel can lead to decreased blood flow to the intestine causing the intestine to die. The symptoms are typically not subtle, and may include several of the following:
- Acute pain that comes on suddenly and may get more severe
- Bloody stools
- Darkening or reddening of the skin over the hernia
- Inability to pass gas
- Inflammation or tenderness around the hernia
- Increased heart rate
If you suspect you have a hernia, it’s important to speak with your doctor, especially if you are experiencing any of these symptoms.
Laparoscopic and Robotic Hernia Repair
In general, hernias can be repaired through open, laparoscopic, or robotic procedures. We offer each of these procedures at KLASS. Open repair involves a traditional incision about the size of the hernia opening. Laparoscopic and robotic hernia surgery are performed through multiple one-quarter to half-inch incisions.
At KLASS we are dedicated to providing state-of-the-art surgical care with our time-honored tradition of compassion and respect. Deciding on the right technique for a hernia repair is a multifaceted decision, and our surgeons will carefully consider your preference, health, and the complexity of the hernia. Before your procedure, we will explain the entire process to you and will review information about recovery and the risks of the operation.
What To Expect After Breast Cancer Surgery
The recovery process will depend on the type of surgery performed. Patients who undergo lumpectomy and lymph node biopsy go home the same day. Those undergoing a mastectomy are often admitted overnight especially if an immediate reconstruction has been performed. As with any surgery, there are risks and possible complications involved. Our surgeons will explain the condition, surgery options and risks, pertinent procedural details, postoperative care, and address all questions. Short and longer term follow up appointments for surveillance will be necessary with your surgeon and medical oncologist.
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